Malaria

Delhi Belly

 

 "Most Anopheles mosquitoes are crepuscular (active at dusk or dawn) or nocturnal (active at night).
Some Anopheles mosquitoes feed indoors (endophagic) while others feed outdoors (exophagic).
        After blood feeding, some Anopheles mosquitoes prefer to rest
        indoors (endophilic) while others prefer to rest outdoors (exophilic).
        Biting by nocturnal, endophagic Anopheles mosquitoes can be
        markedly reduced through the use of permethrin-saturated
        mosquito net or through improved housing construction to prevent
        mosquito entry (e.g. window screens). Endophilic mosquitoes are
        readily controlled by indoor spraying of residual insecticides. In
        contrast, exophagic/exophilic vectors are best controlled through
        source reduction (destruction of the breeding sites)"

What does all that mean to us, lonesome traveler who wants to stay healthy?

 
 

1. Wear long sleeves, pants and a hat outdoors during peak biting hours, dusk and dawn.

2. During dusk and dawn stay indoors with the window shut if possible. 

3. If your outdoors during peak hours, try to move to a location away from the mosquito's, such as a windy seaside or on top of roof café. Don't sit inland near the jungle, you will get bitten for sure!

4. Before sunset, close all the windows and spray your room with house hold bug spray or apply permethrin. Spray under the bed and behind furniture (where they hide.) Also spray in the attached bath (they love water.)  Once you've sprayed best to leave for an hour or two, when you return all the mossies be dead.

5. Always sleep under a mosquito net (treated with Permethrin), even if you don't see them they might be sleeping, hiding and active later at night. Permethrin will prevent small mosquito from squeezing through the holes of the net. If there are a lot of mosquito they will force their way through. You can buy the net pre-soaked or you can buy a bottle and soak your net yourself.

6. Try and pick accommodation that are located in a windy or dry place. Make sure a swamp is not beside your room!

7. Keep the fan set on high, this should scare some of them away.

8. Be careful in Internet-Cafés, this is where mosquito love to hide, particularly when they first open in the morning!

 

 

What about Permethrin?

Permethrin is a neurotoxin but is considered safe to use for humans as an insecticide, it comes from a flower. It does not bond well to human skin but bonds to fabrics such as a cotton mosquito netting or clothing. Once treated it will last for up to fire detergent washes. Permethrin is the main ingredient in head lice treatment shampoo which is available through out India at every pharmacy. Simply throw the treatment in a bucket with some water and let soak for some time, your net will absorb and bond with the permethrin. You can also soak your pant legs, and shirt sleeves and collars. You can apply some to the drapes or under the bed.

If you don't treat the net, mosquitols will most definitely be able to come in and bit you. Unless they are really dopey type of mosquito's. 

How to Hang your Mosquito Net

mysecretplanet_India_mosquito net how to hang_17

 

In India often there are no hooks provided on the walls to attach the ends for the net. This is because the guesthouses don't want you to think there is a mosquito problem. So... 

1. Make sure you buy the rectangular cotton mosquito net, NOT the canopy type. In India there is always a fan on the ceiling that will turn the canopy in to shreds. 

1. Get some elastic bands (or some stretch cord) connect three or four together and attach to the loops on the net corners. Then attach a string, fishing line or even dental floss about 3 meters each. Make sure you have some long lengths, the longer the better. You can add alligator clips to the ends if you want to get fancy. The elastic bands will prevent rips and make it easier to hang the net.

2. String to odd angle across the room to get a good fit over your bed. Parts of doors are good, the edge of mirror, a light bulb and any points that will hold the net up will work. Make it low enough so you can tuck the net under the mattress for a perfect mosquito net fit! Be careful when you walk in the night...don't go outside the net, the mossies will be waiting hungrily.

 

 

 

What about burning coils and night out electric pads?  

Coils are very common in India. I do not recommend these type they are banned in western countries because of toxic concerns. They must be burned all the time or will not drive the mosquito's away.  Some people may think this just incense sticks but.

''Mosquito coils are made of substances like coconut husk, sawdust and dyes to keep them burning for up to eight hours. A recent study suggests exposure to the emitted smoke can pose significant acute and chronic health risks. Burning one mosquito coil would release the same amount of smoke as burning 75 to 137 cigarettes.'

-Dr Ang, pediatrician 

 

Malaria Map Risk During and after Monsoon (June-Nov.)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
source:  www.fitfortravel.scot.nhs.uk
 
 
 

 Things to know about Malaria

 
1. Every year many foreigners contract Malaria while traveling in India.
 
2. Many foreigners have died in India from Malaria, usually from not being diagnosed quickly enough or by a misdiagnoses. 
 
2. Someone could die in two days after contracting Malaria, so time is very important.
 
3. Malaria can also be cured in two days.
 
4. Usually it takes weeks or months to fully recover from Malaria. It may reoccur. 
 
5. If you ever have a fever, particularly one that comes and goes or a high  fever, you need to get tested for Malaria. Even months after you've left India.
 
6. For best advice: consult a traveler doctor before you leave.  
 

Are there any non-chemical product to keep mosquito's away? 

This is a mosquito crow. Print a few copies post them around your room. The fierce mosquito will scare the real mosquito's away....

 

Where can i find out the latest news about outbreaks of Malaria and other mosquito diseases?

 


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Comments   

 
0 # Pat 2009-07-31 12:00
I´ve used vit B complex in past travels in other countries and it seems to keep thmosquites away. You need to start taking a few weeks before travelling.
Reply
 
 
0 # parimal ajudiya 2009-09-02 00:13
Very Nice Information On India...We Will Take Care On All Of This Because I Am Indian And I Also Dont Know This All Thing On Traveling In India.....Keep It Up
Reply
 
 
0 # Frank Haywood 2011-09-03 03:34
Thank you so much for posting about this. After looking around the net for the information I wanted I found your page tucked down on page 1 of Google for the term "can you recover from malaria".

I didn't find that information here, but I found lots of other information I haven't been able to find anywhere else. I know someone whose son has malaria and I wondered if there was a permanent cure for it. Still looking...

Thanks again,

-Frank
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